PRODUCT INGREDIENTS

Citrulline Malate

One of the best feelings during or after a workout is a pump. A pump occurs when your muscle becomes engorged with blood to remove toxins that cause muscular fatigue, and replace those toxins with nutrients and more oxygen. A great way to achieve a pump is through the use of nitric oxide boosting agents, such as the non-essential Amino Acid, L-Arginine. But what if there is something better than Arginine?

Well, look no further. Citrulline Malate, which is derived from watermelons and apples, is actually the pre-cursor to Arginine. Scientific studies show that Citrulline Malate boosts plasma levels more effectively then taking the same dose of L-Arginine.

But the benefits don’t stop there. Citrulline Malate also plays a huge role in the Urea cycle. The Urea cycle is found in the liver and is composed of carrier molecules which go to cells, gather nitrogenous waste products, and convert them into Urea.

Ammonia, one of the main waste products, is treacherous to aerobic and anaerobic exercise, mainly because it quickly causes muscular fatigue. But with the help of Citrulline Malate, Ammonia is removed from the body to ensure you get the most from your workouts.

Beta-Alanine

Have you ever had to stop training because your muscles just simply get too fatigued, followed by a muscular burn? Of course you have because it is happens to every person who trains their body. The burning sensation is mainly because your muscles are building up an excess of Hydrogen Molecules (H+), which are the bi-products from ATP. When these molecules build up, they offset the pH levels in your muscles dropping you into an acidic pH level, which also drops muscular performance.

The most prevalent way, to stop this build-up is to bring in the Amino Acid, Beta-Alanine, which creates a buffer known as Carnosine. A buffer’s job is mainly to absorb the excess H+ molecules to assure the body stays in optimal pH range to function.

So, with the help of this non-essential Amino Acid, our muscles can contract harder and longer, allowing more reps and more sets, MORE GAINS! But Carnosine is not just for weight lifters; it works great with any type of strenuous cardio exercise -- running, skiing, hiking, mountain biking, road biking..... The list goes on.

Creatine

Creatine is used to increase high-intensity athletic performance and has been a popular performance-enhancing supplement since the early 1990s. The most valuable function of Creatine is bodybuilding because by increasing muscle mass this ingredient increases size and strength. Creatine, a component of skeletal muscle, is a nitrogenous organic acid that helps supply energy to muscle. About half of the Creatine stored in our body comes from food, mainly fresh meat. Because vegetables do not contain Creatine, vegetarians will experience lower levels of muscle Creatine. Vegetarians can compensate for this loss by ingesting Creatine. About half of the daily Creatine in our body is biosynthesized from three different amino acids (argentine, glucine and methionine) and the rest comes from alimentary sources. About 95 percent of Creatine is later stored in the skeletal muscles.

Branch Chain Amino Acids

Branch Chain Amino Acids (BCAAs) consist of the essential aminos of leucine, isoleucine and valine. Amino acids, the building blocks of protein, are a valuable source of building tissues and producing chemicals that sharpen our brain’s ability to focus. Because the body does not produce leucine, isoleucine and valine, these essential amino acids are introduced by using supplements.

Branch Chain Amino Acids make up about a third of the muscle protein and can increase strength. BCAAs are important in bodybuilding and for athletes because once metabolized in the muscle they are burned as fuel to produce new energy. The Branch Chain Amino Acids not only building muscle but prevent muscle breakdown. Studies show that BCAAs also can help regulate blood-sugar levels and aid in fat loss. Besides building cells and repairing tissue, BCAAs also contribute to workouts by delaying the onset of fatigue.

Caffeine

Caffeine, an alkaloid, is a powerful stimulant to the central nervous system. As a power and energy accelerant, caffeine can super energize the body for powerful workouts. Because caffeine delivers the correct molecular structure to the body’s energy systems the positive results are maximum energy and power output. Caffeine acts to increase mental alertness and provide the surge needed to maximize your training. By reaching deep into the muscle cells, caffeine also delays the onset of muscle fatigue. By entering the adenosine receptors, caffeine keeps cyclic AMP active rather than it being broken down. When cyclic AMP breaks down the body’s energy supply decreases. Because caffeine fools the body into using enzymes to break it down instead, the cyclic AMP supply remains higher for longer.

Studies have shown that caffeine may improve endurance and strength. Also, caffeine may increase the muscles' fuel-burning abilities, and extend the amount of stored sugar available for energy use. Runners and cyclists have reported being able to run/cycle greater-than-normal-distance after a couple of cups of coffee.

Electrolytes

Electrolytes (magnesium, potassium, sodium, calcium) are valuable in preventing dehydration during or as a result of intensive exercise. Electrolytes are what your muscle, heart and nerve cells use to maintain voltages across their cell membranes and to carry muscle contractions and nerve impulses across themselves and to other cells. During exercise or a workout, the body loses electrolytes in your sweat, especially potassium and sodium. These electrolytes must be replaced to keep body fluids constant because a two percent loss of body weight through water loss can greatly reduce exercise capacity. That’s why anyone who works out needs to use electrolytes to prehydrate, hydrate and rehydrate before, during and after workouts.

Electrolytes modulate fluid exchange, impact nerve transmission and gland function, and maintain the permeability of the plasma membrane and regulate the acid and base qualities of body fluids and blood. Studies have shown electrolytes are effective in extending exercise capacity, maintaining energy levels and delaying fatigue as well as preventing dehydration and preventing associated cramps.

Merely drinking water during strenuous workouts or athletic activities does not replace electrolytes but actually decreases the amount of electrolytes in your body. This can lead to water intoxication and/or hyponatremmia, characterized by sudden, severe headaches, fainting, seizures and other problems.

Creatine-phosphorus

ATP (adenosine triphosphate) can be thought of as the body’s energy currency because it is used for building new tissue, nerve transmission, and muscle contraction. As its name implies, ATP has three phosphate molecules bonded to an adenosine molecule. A great deal of energy is created when one of the bonds connecting these phosphate molecules is broken by hydrolysis. It is the breaking of bonds through hydrolysis that produces all of the energy used by the body.

Because the body has only three ounces of ATP at any one time, it runs out of its supply rapidly. Creatine phosphate (CP) makes up for this shortfall. The CP molecule also releases a large amount of energy when the bond between its Creatine and phosphate molecules is split. As a result, the phosphate is donated directly to ADP to re-form ATP through a process known as rephosphorylation. ATP then becomes available to restart the energy cycle. Because a cell’s concentration of CP is up to five times higher than ATP, Creatine phosphate functions as the cell’s energy reservoir.

Without the ATP-CP system, bodybuilders and athletes would not be able to lift heavy weights or do other activity that requires immediate full effort. Instead, we would have to start lifting in slow motion. By introducing more Creatine phosphate into our body, we boost energy so we can exercise longer and increase muscle size. Because the impact is immediate, taking CP before a workout will maximize the benefit of your training session.

Xylitol

Xylitol is important to produce bursts of energy that lasts longer, burning fat and reducing muscle fatigue. Xylitol is an organic sugar alcohol found in the fibers of many fruits and vegetables, including berries, corn husks, oats and mushrooms. As a sugar source, Xylitol is tooth friendly because of its positive dental health benefits and makes it easier for older people to remain active because it improves bone density. The importance for fitness, though, is that Xylitol will produce the high, intense energy bursts without the harmful effects of sugar.

Xylitol aids in the improvement of the metabolic condition. It inhibits muscle wasting with a strong anticatabolic effect. Xylitol also has been shown to increase ATP in the body, to increase fat release and utilization, to replenish glycogen, to be anabolic and to help fight muscle fatigue. Also, unabsorbed Xylitol actually acts as a fiber that produces volatile short-chain fatty acids, thus acting as a longer-lasting energy source.